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Evaporation and Intermolecular Attractions

Figure from experiment 8 from Investigating Chemistry through Inquiry

Introduction

The evaporation of a volatile liquid from the surface of a Temperature Probe is an endothermic process that results in a temperature decrease. The magnitude of a temperature decrease is, like viscosity and boiling temperature, related to the strength of intermolecular forces of attraction. In this experiment, you will investigate factors that determine strengths of intermolecular forces of attraction in alkanes and alcohols and the magnitudes of the temperature changes as these substances evaporate from a Temperature Probe.

Objectives

In the Preliminary Activity, you will gain experience using a Temperature Probe while you determine the temperature change as ethanol, C2H5OH, evaporates.

After completing the Preliminary Activity, you will first use reference sources to find out more about alkanes and alcohols before you choose and investigate a researchable question dealing with temperature changes as alkanes and alcohols evaporate.

Sensors and Equipment

This investigation features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Option 1

Option 2

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Standards Correlations

See all standards correlations for Investigating Chemistry through Inquiry »

Investigation 8 from Investigating Chemistry through Inquiry Lab Book

<em>Investigating Chemistry through Inquiry</em> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

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