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Pressure-Temperature Relationship in Gases

Figure from experiment 7 from Chemistry with Vernier

Introduction

Gases are made up of molecules that are in constant motion and exert pressure when they collide with the walls of their container. The velocity and the number of collisions of these molecules are affected when the temperature of the gas increases or decreases. In this experiment, you will study the relationship between the temperature of a gas sample and the pressure it exerts. Using the apparatus, you will place an Erlenmeyer flask containing an air sample in water baths of varying temperature. Pressure will be monitored with a Gas Pressure Sensor and temperature will be monitored using a Temperature Probe. The volume of the gas sample and the number of molecules it contains will be kept constant. Pressure and temperature data pairs will be collected during the experiment and then analyzed. From the data and graph, you will determine what kind of mathematical relationship exists between the pressure and absolute temperature of a confined gas. You may also do the extension exercise and use your data to find a value for absolute zero on the Celsius temperature scale.

Objectives

In this experiment, you will

  • Study the relationship between the temperature of a gas sample and the pressure it exerts.
  • Determine from the data and graph, the mathematical relationship between the pressure and absolute temperature of a confined gas.
  • Find a value for absolute zero on the Celsius temperature scale.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Option 1

Option 2

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Standards Correlations

See all standards correlations for Chemistry with Vernier »

Experiment 7 from Chemistry with Vernier Lab Book

<em>Chemistry with Vernier</em> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

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