Recommended for grades 11–16.
If you examined the pressure-volume behavior of a gas, you would have performed one of the thermodynamic processes involved in the cycle found in the operation of a heat engine. This process is known as an isothermal expansion – so named because the data were collected slowly enough that the temperature of the gas in the system remained constant.
In this experiment, you will examine some thermodynamic processes to understand how the internal energy of the system (Eint or U) is affected by exchanges of energy between the system and the surroundings.
In this experiment, you will
- Design and create a thermodynamic system consisting of a flask, tubing, syringe, and pressure sensor.
- Relate the terms isothermal, isochoric, isobaric and adiabatic to various thermodynamic processes, and how to move your thermodynamic system through these processes.
- Collect pressure, volume and temperature data for three of these processes.
- Analyze the various P-V processes to keep track of the work (W) done by or on the enclosed gas and the heat (Q) transferred between the gas and the surroundings.
- Use the first law of thermodynamics to account for the change in internal energy in each of these processes.
- Determine the total work done by enclosed gas in various thermodynamic cyclic processes.
Sensors and Equipment
This experiment requires each of the following Vernier sensors and equipment (unless otherwise noted):
You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?
Download Experiment Preview
The student-version preview includes:
- Step-by-step instructions for computer-based data collection
- List of materials and equipment
Note: The experiment preview of the computer edition does not include essential teacher information, safety tips, or sample data. Instructions for Logger Pro and other software (such as LabQuest App or TI handheld software, where available) are on the CD that accompanies the book. We strongly recommend that you purchase the book before performing experiments.
No standards correlations for this experiment.