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Pulleys

Figure from experiment 21 from Physical Science with Vernier

Introduction

A pulley is a simple machine having a rope that passes over a grooved wheel. A fixed pulley is attached to a solid support and changes the direction of force. Resistance force, the weight of an object being lifted, is attached to one end of a rope going over a fixed pulley. Effort force is exerted on the other end of the rope.

A movable pulley moves along the rope with the resistance force, and the direction of the force is not changed. A pulley system may have a single pulley or a combination of pulleys. Pulleys are used to make work easier.

Objectives

In this experiment, you will

  • Use a Force Sensor to measure force.
  • Calculate actual mechanical advantage and ideal mechanical advantage.
  • Determine efficiency.
  • Make conclusions about pulley systems.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Option 1

Option 2

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Standards Correlations

See all standards correlations for Physical Science with Vernier »

Experiment 21 from Physical Science with Vernier Lab Book

<em>Physical Science with Vernier</em> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

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