An object’s momentum depends on both its mass and its velocity. Momentum can be expressed by the formula
where p = momentum (in g•m/s), m = mass (in g), and v = velocity (in m/s). Momentum is an important factor in analyzing collisions, especially those of automobiles. In this experiment, you will study the relationship between a car’s momentum and the distance it pushes an object during a collision. You will use a balance or spring scale to measure the car’s mass (m) and a computerinterfaced Motion Detector to measure its velocity (v). You will then calculate momentum (p) using the formula given above.
In this experiment, you will
Make conclusions about momentum.
Sensors and Equipment
This experiment requires each of the following Vernier sensors and equipment (unless otherwise noted):
Step-by-step instructions for computer-based data collection
List of materials and equipment
Note: The experiment preview of the computer edition does not include essential teacher information, safety tips, or sample data. Instructions for Logger Pro and other software (such as LabQuest App or TI handheld software, where available) are on the CD that accompanies the book. We strongly recommend that you purchase the book before performing experiments.