Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

Investigating the Components of a Commercial Tablet


Over-the-counter pain medications can be tricky to formulate into tablets because there are contradictory goals. First, the tablets should not chip or break apart when stored in a bottle with other tablets. Second, the tablets should fall apart easily when a person chews or swallows them.

In the scenario for this investigation, you are a formulations chemist working for a pharmaceutical company. Your company has received numerous complaints about one of your products—a pain medication tablet that is a simple combination of acetaminophen and sucrose. The sucrose is added as a binder. Customers have opened bottles of the product to find most of the tablets chipped and cracked. The team in charge of production has presented your group with two theories for the chipping problem.

  • The tablet formula, which should be 85% acetaminophen and 15% sucrose, by mass, is incorrect. This makes the binding properties weak and therefore parts of the tablet chip off when struck by other tablets in a bottle.
  • The acetaminophen has been contaminated with a small amount of aspirin, and the aspirin is causing the tablets to chip and crack.


The objective of this investigation is to determine a plausible explanation for the problem of the chipped and cracked tablets.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Option 1

Option 2

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Vernier Chemistry Investigations for Use with AP* Chemistry

See other experiments from the lab book.

1Investigating Food Dyes in Sports Beverages
2Determining the Copper Content in Brass
3Investigating Water Hardness
4The Acidity of Juice and Soft Drinks
5Separating Molecules
6Identifying an Unknown Substance
7Investigating the Purity of a Mixture
8Determining the Percent Peroxide in a Commercial Product
9Investigating the Components of a Commercial Tablet
10The Effect of Acid Rain on a Marble Structure
11Investigating the Kinetics of a Crystal Violet Reaction
12Investigating Commercial Hand Warmers
13Investigating LeChatelier’s Principle
14Investigating Acid-Base Titrations
15The Buffering Ability of Commercial Products
16Testing the Effectiveness of a Buffer

Experiment 9 from Vernier Chemistry Investigations for Use with AP* Chemistry Lab Book

<i>Vernier Chemistry Investigations for Use with AP* Chemistry</i> book cover

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Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

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