Vernier Software & Technology

# Ohm's Law

## Introduction

The fundamental relationship among the three important electrical quantities current, voltage, and resistance was discovered by Georg Simon Ohm. The relationship and the unit of electrical resistance were both named for him to commemorate this contribution to physics. One statement of Ohm’s law is that the current through a resistor is proportional to the voltage across the resistor. In this experiment you will see if Ohm’s law is applicable to several different circuits using a Current Probe and a Voltage Probe.

Current and voltage can be difficult to understand, because they cannot be observed directly. To clarify these terms, some people make the comparison between electrical circuits and water flowing in pipes. In this experiment, you will study three electrical units: volts (V), amperes (A), and ohms (Ω).

## Objectives

• Determine the mathematical relationship between current, potential difference, and resistance in a simple circuit.
• Compare the potential vs. current behavior of a resistor to that of a light bulb.

## Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

## Agricultural Science with Vernier

See other experiments from the lab book.

 1 Introduction to Data Collection 2 Acids and Bases 3 Diffusion through Membranes 4 Conducting Solutions 5 Osmosis 6 Respiration of Sugars by Yeast 7 Reflection and Absorption of Light 8 Soil pH 9 Soil Salinity 10 Soil Temperature 11 Soil Moisture 12A Photosynthesis and Respiration (CO2) 12B Photosynthesis and Respiration (O2) 12C Photosynthesis and Respiration (CO2 and O2) 13 Transpiration 14A Cell Respiration (CO2) 14B Cell Respiration (O2) 14C Cell Respiration (CO2 and O2) 15 The Greenhouse Effect 16 Energy in Food 17A Enzyme Action: Testing Catalase Activity 17B Enzyme Action: Testing Catalase Activity 18A Lactase Action 18B Lactase Action 19 Oxygen Gas and Human Respiration 20 Biochemical Oxygen Demand 21 Animal Temperature 22 Lemon "Juice" 23 Ohm's Law 24 Energy Content of Fuels 25 Photovoltaic Cells 26 Wind Power 27 Watershed Testing 28 Interdependence of Plants and Animals 29 Biodiversity and Ecosystems

### Experiment 23 from Agricultural Science with Vernier Lab Book

#### Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.