Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

Interdependence of Plants and Animals

Figure from experiment 14 from Biology with Vernier

Introduction

Plants and animals share many of the same chemicals throughout their lives. In most ecosystems, O2, CO2, water, food and nutrients are exchanged between plants and animals. In this lab, you will be designing your own experiments to determine the relationships between two organisms—a plant (Elodea) and an animal (a snail).

Several hypotheses have been discussed in the past about possible relationships between the Elodea and the snail. You will test to determine how oxygen and CO2 are exchanged among Elodea plants, snails, and the water both exist in.

To perform the necessary tests, you will need to determine the presence of CO2. An easy way to do this is to monitor the pH of the pond water. If CO2 dissolves in water, it forms carbonic acid, H2CO3, and the pH decreases. If CO2 is removed from pond water, the amount of carbonic acid goes down and the pH increases. One can use a computer to monitor the pH and determine whether CO2 is released into the pond water or is taken from the water. Dissolved oxygen (DO) can be monitored with the aid of a Dissolved Oxygen Probe. Increases or decreases in the amount of dissolved oxygen can be rapidly assessed with this probe.

Objectives

In this experiment, you will

  • Use a Dissolved Oxygen Probe to measure the dissolved oxygen in water.
  • Use a pH Sensor to measure the pH of water.
  • Use pH measurements to make inferences about the amount of CO2 dissolved in water.
  • Determine whether snails consume or produce oxygen and CO2 in water.
  • Determine whether plants consume or produce oxygen and CO2 in the light.
  • Determine whether plants consume or produce oxygen and CO2 in the dark.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Option 1

Option 2

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Standards Correlations

See all standards correlations for Biology with Vernier »

Biology with Vernier

See other experiments from the lab book.

1Energy in Food
2Limitations on Cell Size: Surface Area to Volume
3Acids and Bases
4Diffusion through Membranes
5Conducting Solutions
6AEnzyme Action: Testing Catalase Activity
6BEnzyme Action: Testing Catalase Activity
7Photosynthesis
8The Effect of Alcohol on Biological Membranes
9Biological Membranes
10Transpiration
11ACell Respiration (O2)
11BCell Respiration (CO2)
11CCell Respiration (Pressure)
11DCell Respiration (CO2 and O2)
12ARespiration of Sugars by Yeast
12BSugar Fermentation
13Population Dynamics
14Interdependence of Plants and Animals
15Biodiversity and Ecosystems
16AEffect of Temperature on Respiration
16BEffect of Temperature on Fermentation
17Aerobic Respiration
18Acid Rain
19Dissolved Oxygen in Water
20Watershed Testing
21Physical Profile of a Lake
22Osmosis
23AEffect of Temperature on Cold-Blooded Organisms
23BEffect of Temperature on Cold-Blooded Organisms
24ALactase Action
24BLactase Action
25Primary Productivity
26Control of Human Respiration
27Heart Rate and Physical Fitness
28Monitoring EKG
29Ventilation and Heart Rate
30Oxygen Gas and Human Respiration
31APhotosynthesis and Respiration (O2)
31BPhotosynthesis and Respiration (CO2)
31CPhotosynthesis and Respiration (CO2 and O2)

Experiment 14 from Biology with Vernier Lab Book

<em>Biology with Vernier</em> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

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