Vernier Software & Technology

# Aerobic Respiration

## Introduction

Aerobic cellular respiration is the process of converting the chemical energy of organic molecules into a form immediately usable by organisms. Glucose may be oxidized completely if sufficient oxygen is available, by the following reaction:

${{\text{C}}_{\text{6}}}{{\text{H}}_{{\text{12}}}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{6}}} + {\text{ 6 }}{{\text{O}}_{\text{2}}}\left( {\text{g}} \right) \to {\text{6 }}{{\text{H}}_{\text{2}}}{\text{O }} + {\text{ 6 C}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{2}}}\left( {\text{g}} \right) + {\text{ energy}}$

All organisms, including plants and animals, oxidize glucose for energy. Often, this energy is used to convert ADP and phosphate into ATP. In this experiment, the rate of cellular respiration will be measured by monitoring the consumption of oxygen gas.

Many environmental variables might affect the rate of aerobic cellular respiration. Temperature changes have profound effects upon living things. Enzyme-catalyzed reactions are especially sensitive to small changes in temperature. Because of this, the metabolism of ectotherms, organisms whose internal body temperature is determined by their surroundings, are often determined by the surrounding temperature. In this experiment, you will determine the effect temperature changes have on the aerobic respiration of yeast.

## Objectives

In this experiment, you will

• Measure changes in dissolved oxygen concentration.
• Study the effect of temperature on cellular respiration.
• Make a plot of the rate of cellular respiration as a function of temperature.

## Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

### Option 2

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

## Biology with Vernier

See other experiments from the lab book.

 1 Energy in Food 2 Limitations on Cell Size: Surface Area to Volume 3 Acids and Bases 4 Diffusion through Membranes 5 Conducting Solutions 6A Enzyme Action: Testing Catalase Activity 6B Enzyme Action: Testing Catalase Activity 7 Photosynthesis 8 The Effect of Alcohol on Biological Membranes 9 Biological Membranes 10 Transpiration 11A Cell Respiration (O2) 11B Cell Respiration (CO2) 11C Cell Respiration (Pressure) 11D Cell Respiration (CO2 and O2) 12A Respiration of Sugars by Yeast 12B Sugar Fermentation 13 Population Dynamics 14 Interdependence of Plants and Animals 15 Biodiversity and Ecosystems 16A Effect of Temperature on Respiration 16B Effect of Temperature on Fermentation 17 Aerobic Respiration 18 Acid Rain 19 Dissolved Oxygen in Water 20 Watershed Testing 21 Physical Profile of a Lake 22 Osmosis 23A Effect of Temperature on Cold-Blooded Organisms 23B Effect of Temperature on Cold-Blooded Organisms 24A Lactase Action 24B Lactase Action 25 Primary Productivity 26 Control of Human Respiration 27 Heart Rate and Physical Fitness 28 Monitoring EKG 29 Ventilation and Heart Rate 30 Oxygen Gas and Human Respiration 31A Photosynthesis and Respiration (O2) 31B Photosynthesis and Respiration (CO2) 31C Photosynthesis and Respiration (CO2 and O2)

### Experiment 17 from Biology with Vernier Lab Book

#### Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.