Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

Oxygen Gas and Human Respiration

Figure from experiment 30 from Biology with Vernier

Introduction

The process of breathing accomplishes two important tasks for the body. During inhalation, oxygen-rich air is brought into your lungs. During exhalation, air depleted in oxygen and rich in carbon dioxide is forced out. Oxygen is then transported to the cells where it is used in the process of respiration, yielding carbon dioxide as a product.

{{\text{C}}_{\text{6}}}{{\text{H}}_{{\text{12}}}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{6}}}{\text{  +  6 }}{{\text{O}}_{\text{2}}} \to {\text{6 C}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{2}}}{\text{   +   6 }}{{\text{H}}_{\text{2}}}{\text{O  +  energy}} {\text{glucose  +  oxygen}} \to {\text{carbon dioxide  +  water}}

In this experiment, you will determine what factors affect how long you can hold your breath. You will be tested under two different conditions. The first condition is normal breathing. The second condition is immediately following hyperventilation. Hyperventilation is when your breathing rate is greater than what is necessary for proper exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. This will be achieved by a period of rapid breathing prior to holding your breath.

Objectives

In this experiment, you will

  • Use an O2 Gas Sensor to determine residual oxygen levels in exhaled air.
  • Evaluate how internal O2 and CO2 concentrations influence breathing patterns.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Option 1

Option 2

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Standards Correlations

See all standards correlations for Biology with Vernier »

Biology with Vernier

See other experiments from the lab book.

1Energy in Food
2Limitations on Cell Size: Surface Area to Volume
3Acids and Bases
4Diffusion through Membranes
5Conducting Solutions
6AEnzyme Action: Testing Catalase Activity
6BEnzyme Action: Testing Catalase Activity
7Photosynthesis
8The Effect of Alcohol on Biological Membranes
9Biological Membranes
10Transpiration
11ACell Respiration (O2)
11BCell Respiration (CO2)
11CCell Respiration (Pressure)
11DCell Respiration (CO2 and O2)
12ARespiration of Sugars by Yeast
12BSugar Fermentation
13Population Dynamics
14Interdependence of Plants and Animals
15Biodiversity and Ecosystems
16AEffect of Temperature on Respiration
16BEffect of Temperature on Fermentation
17Aerobic Respiration
18Acid Rain
19Dissolved Oxygen in Water
20Watershed Testing
21Physical Profile of a Lake
22Osmosis
23AEffect of Temperature on Cold-Blooded Organisms
23BEffect of Temperature on Cold-Blooded Organisms
24ALactase Action
24BLactase Action
25Primary Productivity
26Control of Human Respiration
27Heart Rate and Physical Fitness
28Monitoring EKG
29Ventilation and Heart Rate
30Oxygen Gas and Human Respiration
31APhotosynthesis and Respiration (O2)
31BPhotosynthesis and Respiration (CO2)
31CPhotosynthesis and Respiration (CO2 and O2)

Experiment 30 from Biology with Vernier Lab Book

<em>Biology with Vernier</em> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

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