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Determining the Ksp of Calcium Hydroxide

Figure from experiment 23 from Advanced Chemistry with Vernier

Introduction

Calcium hydroxide is an ionic solid that is sparingly soluble in water. A saturated, aqueous, solution of Ca(OH)2 is represented in equation form as shown below.

{\text{Ca(OH}}{{\text{)}}_{\text{2}}}{\text{ }}(s) \leftrightarrow {\text{C}}{{\text{a}}^{{\text{2  +  }}}}{\text{ (aq)   +   2O}}{{\text{H}}^{{\text{  -  }}}}{\text{(aq)}}

The solubility product expression describes, in mathematical terms, the equilibrium that is established between the solid substance and its dissolved ions in an aqueous system. The equilibrium expression for calcium hydroxide is shown below.

{K_{sp}} = [{\text{C}}{{\text{a}}^{{\text{2 + }}}}{\text{][O}}{{\text{H}}^{\text{ - }}}{]^2}

The constant that illustrates a substance’s solubility in water is called the Ksp. All compounds, even the highly soluble sodium chloride, have a Ksp. However, the Ksp of a compound is commonly considered only in cases where the compound is very slightly soluble and the amount of dissolved ions is not simple to measure.

Your primary objective in this experiment is to test a saturated solution of calcium hydroxide and use your observations and measurements to calculate the Ksp of the compound. You will do this by titrating the prepared Ca(OH)2 solution with a standard hydrochloric acid solution. By determining the molar concentration of dissolved hydroxide ions in the saturated Ca(OH)2 solution, you will have the necessary information to calculate the Ksp.

Objectives

In this experiment, you will

  • Titrate a saturated Ca(OH)2 solution with a standard HCl solution.
  • Calculate the Ksp of Ca(OH)2.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Option 1

Option 2

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Standards Correlations

See all standards correlations for Advanced Chemistry with Vernier »

Advanced Chemistry with Vernier

See other experiments from the lab book.

1The Determination of a Chemical Formula
2The Determination of the Percent Water in a Compound
3The Molar Mass of a Volatile Liquid
4Using Freezing-Point Depression to Find Molecular Weight
5The Molar Volume of a Gas
6Standardizing a Solution of Sodium Hydroxide
7Acid-Base Titration
8An Oxidation-Reduction Titration: The Reaction of Fe2+ and Ce4+
9Determining the Mole Ratios in a Chemical Reaction
10The Determination of an Equilibrium Constant
11Investigating Indicators
12The Decomposition of Hydrogen Peroxide
13Determining the Enthalpy of a Chemical Reaction
14ASeparation and Qualitative Analysis of Cations
14BSeparation and Qualitative Analysis of Anions
15AThe Synthesis of Alum
15BThe Analysis of Alum
16Conductimetric Titration and Gravimetric Determination of a Precipitate
17Determining the Concentration of a Solution: Beer's Law
18Liquid Chromatography
19Buffers
20Electrochemistry: Voltaic Cells
21Electroplating
22The Synthesis and Analysis of Aspirin
23Determining the Ksp of Calcium Hydroxide
24Determining Ka by the Half-Titration of a Weak Acid
25The Rate and Order of a Chemical Reaction
26The Enthalpy of Neutralization of Phosphoric Acid
27α, β, and γ
28Radiation Shielding
29The Base Hydrolysis of Ethyl Acetate
30Exploring the Properties of Gases
31Determining Avogadro's Number
32Potentiometric Titration of Hydrogen Peroxide
33Determining the Half-Life of an Isotope
34Vapor Pressure and Heat of Vaporization
35Rate Determination and Activation Energy

Experiment 23 from Advanced Chemistry with Vernier Lab Book

<i>Advanced Chemistry with Vernier</i> book cover

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Dev Reference: VST0024

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