Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

Potentiometric Titration of Hydrogen Peroxide

Figure from experiment 32 from Advanced Chemistry with Vernier

Introduction

One method of determining the concentration of a hydrogen peroxide, H2O2, solution is by titration with a solution of potassium permanganate, KMnO4, of known concentration. The reaction is oxidation-reduction and proceeds as shown below, in net ionic form.

{\text{5 }}{{\text{H}}_{\text{2}}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{2}}}{\text{ (aq)   +   2 Mn}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{4}}}^{{\text{  -  }}}{\text{ (aq)   +   6 }}{{\text{H}}^{{\text{  +  }}}}{\text{ (aq)}} \to {\text{ 5 }}{{\text{O}}_{\text{2}}}{\text{ (g)   +   2 M}}{{\text{n}}^{{\text{2  +  }}}}{\text{ (aq)   +   8 }}{{\text{H}}_{\text{2}}}{\text{O (l)}}

In this experiment, you will use an ORP (Oxidation-Reduction Potential) Sensor to measure the potential of the reaction. Your data will look like an acid-base titration curve. The volume of KMnO4 titrant used at the equivalence point will be used to determine the concentration of the H2O2 solution. Your sample of H2O2 will come from a bottle of ordinary, over-the-counter hydrogen peroxide purchased at a grocery or a drug store. The concentration of this product is labeled as 3% mass/volume, which is ~0.9 M.

Objectives

In this experiment, you will

  • Conduct the potentiometric titration of the reaction between commercially available hydrogen peroxide and potassium permanganate.
  • Measure the potential change of the reaction.
  • Determine the concentration of the hydrogen peroxide solution.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Option 1

Option 2

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Standards Correlations

See all standards correlations for Advanced Chemistry with Vernier »

Experiment 32 from Advanced Chemistry with Vernier Lab Book

<i>Advanced Chemistry with Vernier</i> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

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