Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

Potentiometric Titration of Hydrogen Peroxide

Figure from experiment 32 from Advanced Chemistry with Vernier

Introduction

One method of determining the concentration of a hydrogen peroxide, H2O2, solution is by titration with a solution of potassium permanganate, KMnO4, of known concentration. The reaction is oxidation-reduction and proceeds as shown below, in net ionic form.

{\text{5 }}{{\text{H}}_{\text{2}}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{2}}}{\text{ (aq)   +   2 Mn}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{4}}}^{{\text{  -  }}}{\text{ (aq)   +   6 }}{{\text{H}}^{{\text{  +  }}}}{\text{ (aq)}} \to {\text{ 5 }}{{\text{O}}_{\text{2}}}{\text{ (g)   +   2 M}}{{\text{n}}^{{\text{2  +  }}}}{\text{ (aq)   +   8 }}{{\text{H}}_{\text{2}}}{\text{O (l)}}

In this experiment, you will use an ORP (Oxidation-Reduction Potential) Sensor to measure the potential of the reaction. Your data will look like an acid-base titration curve. The volume of KMnO4 titrant used at the equivalence point will be used to determine the concentration of the H2O2 solution. Your sample of H2O2 will come from a bottle of ordinary, over-the-counter hydrogen peroxide purchased at a grocery or a drug store. The concentration of this product is labeled as 3% mass/volume, which is ~0.9 M.

Objectives

In this experiment, you will

  • Conduct the potentiometric titration of the reaction between commercially available hydrogen peroxide and potassium permanganate.
  • Measure the potential change of the reaction.
  • Determine the concentration of the hydrogen peroxide solution.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Option 1

Option 2

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Standards Correlations

See all standards correlations for Advanced Chemistry with Vernier »

Advanced Chemistry with Vernier

See other experiments from the lab book.

1The Determination of a Chemical Formula
2The Determination of the Percent Water in a Compound
3The Molar Mass of a Volatile Liquid
4Using Freezing-Point Depression to Find Molecular Weight
5The Molar Volume of a Gas
6Standardizing a Solution of Sodium Hydroxide
7Acid-Base Titration
8An Oxidation-Reduction Titration: The Reaction of Fe2+ and Ce4+
9Determining the Mole Ratios in a Chemical Reaction
10The Determination of an Equilibrium Constant
11Investigating Indicators
12The Decomposition of Hydrogen Peroxide
13Determining the Enthalpy of a Chemical Reaction
14ASeparation and Qualitative Analysis of Cations
14BSeparation and Qualitative Analysis of Anions
15AThe Synthesis of Alum
15BThe Analysis of Alum
16Conductimetric Titration and Gravimetric Determination of a Precipitate
17Determining the Concentration of a Solution: Beer's Law
18Liquid Chromatography
19Buffers
20Electrochemistry: Voltaic Cells
21Electroplating
22The Synthesis and Analysis of Aspirin
23Determining the Ksp of Calcium Hydroxide
24Determining Ka by the Half-Titration of a Weak Acid
25The Rate and Order of a Chemical Reaction
26The Enthalpy of Neutralization of Phosphoric Acid
27α, β, and γ
28Radiation Shielding
29The Base Hydrolysis of Ethyl Acetate
30Exploring the Properties of Gases
31Determining Avogadro's Number
32Potentiometric Titration of Hydrogen Peroxide
33Determining the Half-Life of an Isotope
34Vapor Pressure and Heat of Vaporization
35Rate Determination and Activation Energy

Experiment 32 from Advanced Chemistry with Vernier Lab Book

<i>Advanced Chemistry with Vernier</i> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

Buy the Book

Dev Reference: VST0033

Go to top