Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

Baking Soda and Vinegar Investigations

Figure from experiment 2 from Investigating Chemistry through Inquiry

Introduction

Sodium bicarbonate is a widely used compound with the formula NaHCO3. It is also known as baking soda, bicarbonate of soda, cooking soda, and sodium hydrogen carbonate. Vinegar is a dilute solution of acetic acid, HC2H3O2, made by the fermentation of wine or some other solution containing ethanol.

Baking soda reacts with acetic acid in vinegar to produce carbon dioxide gas, water, and an aqueous solution of sodium acetate according to the equation:

{\text{NaHC}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{3}}}{\text{(s) + H}}{{\text{C}}_{\text{2}}}{{\text{H}}_{\text{3}}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{2}}}{\text{(aq)}} \to {\text{C}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{2}}}{\text{(g) + }}{{\text{H}}_{\text{2}}}{\text{O(1) + Na}}{{\text{C}}_{\text{2}}}{{\text{H}}_{\text{3}}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{2}}}{\text{(aq)}}

Objectives

In the Preliminary Activity, you will gain experience using a Temperature Probe as you determine the temperature change when 2.00 g of baking soda is added to and reacts with 50.0 mL of vinegar.

After completing the Preliminary Activity, you will first use reference sources to find out more about baking soda and vinegar before you choose and investigate a researchable question dealing with the properties of baking soda and/or vinegar or the reaction between them.

Sensors and Equipment

This investigation features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Option 1

Option 2

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Standards Correlations

See all standards correlations for Investigating Chemistry through Inquiry »

Investigating Chemistry through Inquiry

See other experiments from the lab book.

1Physical Properties of Water
2Baking Soda and Vinegar Investigations
3An Investigation of Urea-Containing Cold Packs
4Conductivity of Aqueous Solutions
5Identifying a Pure Substance
6Investigating the Energy Content of Foods
7Investigating the Energy Content of Fuels
8Evaporation and Intermolecular Attractions
9Enthalpy Changes
10Reaction Stoichiometry
11Beer's Law Investigations
12Colligative Properties of Solutions
13Long Term Water Monitoring
14Vapor Pressure and Heat of Vaporization Investigations
15Acid-Base Properties of Household Products
16The Effect of Acid Deposition on Aqueous Systems
17Acid-Base Titrations
18Conductimetric Titrations
19Oxidation-Reduction Titrations
20Investigating Voltaic Cells
21Baking Soda and Vinegar Investigations Revisited
22Reaction Rates
23Enzyme Activity
24Sugar Fermentation by Yeast
25Nuclear Radiation

Investigation 2 from Investigating Chemistry through Inquiry Lab Book

<i>Investigating Chemistry through Inquiry</i> book cover

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