Conductivity of Solutions: The Effect of Concentration
Recommended for High School.
If an ionic compound is dissolved in water, it dissociates into ions and the resulting solution will conduct electricity. Dissolving solid sodium chloride in water releases ions according to the equation:
In this experiment, you will study the effect of increasing the concentration of an ionic compound on conductivity. Conductivity will be measured as concentration of the solution is gradually increased by the addition of concentrated NaCl drops. The same procedure will be used to investigate the effect of adding solutions with the same concentration (1.0 M), but different numbers of ions in their formulas: aluminum chloride, AlCl3, and calcium chloride, CaCl2. A Conductivity Probe will be used to measure conductivity of the solution. Conductivity is measured in microsiemens per centimeter (μS/cm).
In this experiment, you will
Use a Conductivity Probe to measure the conductivity of solutions.
Investigate the relationship between the conductivity and concentration of a solution.
Investigate the conductivity of solutions resulting from compounds that dissociate to produce different number of ions.
Sensors and Equipment
This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.