Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

Chemical Equilibrium: Finding a Constant, Kc

Figure from experiment 20 from Chemistry with Vernier

Introduction

The purpose of this lab is to experimentally determine the equilibrium constant, Kc, for the following chemical reaction:

{\text{F}}{{\text{e}}^{{\text{3 + }}}}{\text{(aq)  +  SC}}{{\text{N}}^{\text{ - }}}{\text{(aq)}} \leftrightarrow {\text{FeSC}}{{\text{N}}^{{\text{2 + }}}}{\text{(aq)}} {\text{iron(III)  +  thiocyanate}} \leftrightarrow {\text{thiocyanoiron(III)}}

When Fe3+ and SCN- are combined, equilibrium is established between these two ions and the FeSCN2+ ion. In order to calculate Kc for the reaction, it is necessary to know the concentrations of all ions at equilibrium: [FeSCN2+]eq, [SCN]eq, and [Fe3+]eq. You will prepare four equilibrium systems containing different concentrations of these three ions. The equilibrium concentrations of the three ions will then be experimentally determined. These values will be substituted into the equilibrium constant expression to see if Kc is indeed constant.

In order to determine [FeSCN2+]eq, you will use the Colorimeter. The FeSCN2+ ion produces solutions with a red color. Because the red solutions absorb blue light very well, the blue LED setting on the Colorimeter is used. The computer-interfaced Colorimeter measures the amount of blue light absorbed by the colored solutions (absorbance, A). By comparing the absorbance of each equilibrium system, Aeq, to the absorbance of a standard solution, Astd, you can determine [FeSCN2+]eq. The standard solution has a known FeSCN2+ concentration.

Objectives

In this experiment, you will determine the equilibrium constant, Kc, for the following chemical reaction:

{\text{F}}{{\text{e}}^{{\text{3 + }}}}{\text{(aq)  +  SC}}{{\text{N}}^{\text{ - }}}{\text{(aq)}} \leftrightarrow {\text{FeSC}}{{\text{N}}^{{\text{2 + }}}}{\text{(aq)}} {\text{iron(III)  +  thiocyanate}} \leftrightarrow {\text{thiocyanoiron(III)}}

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Option 1

Option 2

Option 3

Option 4

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Standards Correlations

See all standards correlations for Chemistry with Vernier »

Experiment 20 from Chemistry with Vernier Lab Book

<em>Chemistry with Vernier</em> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

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