Recommended for Middle School through High School.
The Earth’s magnetic field is caused by the rotation of its liquid core. The typical strength of the Earth's magnetic field ranges from 0.03 to 0.06 milliTesla (mT). Birds, bats, sea turtles, and some fish are able to sense the Earth’s magnetic field and use it to help them find their way when they migrate long distances.
Hikers, airplanes, and ships are not able to reliably detect the Earth's magnetic field and therefore use a compass to determine the direction in which they are traveling. Compasses contain a lightweight, magnetized needle that always aligns itself with the Earth’s magnetic field and points in the direction of the North Pole. Technological advances have lead to the creation of magnetic field sensors. Like compasses, magnetic field sensors are able to detect the direction and magnitude of the Earth’s magnetic field.
In this project, your challenge is to design and build a robot that can determine which direction is north and then indicate to the user what direction north is. Your device should incorporate a Vernier Magnetic Field Sensor to measure the magnetic field of the Earth. The location of the highest sensor reading will correspond to the North Pole.
Sensors and Equipment
This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.
You will also need NXT Sensor Adapter and a LEGO MINDSTORMS EV3 robotics system.