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Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

Warming Function of Nasal Passageways

Figure from experiment 1 from Human Physiology with Vernier

Introduction

Nasal passageways transport air to and from the lungs and also serve to warm and humidify this air. The nasal turbinates provide a large surface area and rich blood supply for a process of heat exchange which contributes to the maintenance of a constant body temperature. Warming of inhaled air improves lung function and removal of heat from the exhaled air helps to prevent excessive heat loss from the body. Conditions such as viral infections, allergies, and deviated septae can all lead to plugging of nasal passageways and mouth breathing. Inhaling colder air through the mouth can irritate the lungs and worsen conditions such as bronchitis and asthma.

In this experiment, you will use the Vernier Surface Temperature Sensor to measure the temperature of exhaled air. Air that has passed through the nasal passageways will be compared with air that was inhaled through the mouth. In both cases, the air spends time in the lungs where heat is acquired from exposure to the extensive lung tissue alveolar surface area. However, air that has passed through the nasal passageways arrives at the lungs already partially warmed.

Objectives

In this experiment, you will

  • Compare the temperature of air that has passed through the nasal passageways with air that has not.
  • Evaluate the contribution of nasal passages vs. lungs to the warming of the air we breathe.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Standards Correlations

See all standards correlations for Human Physiology with Vernier »

Experiment 1 from Human Physiology with Vernier Lab Book

<i>Human Physiology with Vernier</i> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

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We will be closed on August 21 to allow our employees to enjoy the Great American Eclipse.