Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

Effect of "Dead Space" on Oxygen Exchange

Figure from experiment 24 from Human Physiology with Vernier

Introduction

In the average adult, approximately 150 mL of the air that is inhaled with each breath never reaches the alveoli. It fills the nose, mouth, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles, a volume known as the “dead space.” This air is not available for gas mixing and exchange. It mixes with newly inhaled air and is “recycled” back to the alveoli. The relative size of the “dead space” as compared to functioning lung tissue impacts the efficiency of the respiratory system. Dead space is important in a variety of medical conditions such as asthma, pneumonia, and emphysema, and must be considered in treatments such as artificial ventilation in an intensive care unit. It is also important in physiologic challenges such as diving and high altitude activities.

Objectives

In this experiment, you will

  • Simulate different volumes of dead space.
  • Measure the oxygen concentration within the dead space.
  • Correlate dead space volume with a variety of physiologic challenges.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Standards Correlations

See all standards correlations for Human Physiology with Vernier »

Experiment 24 from Human Physiology with Vernier Lab Book

<i>Human Physiology with Vernier</i> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

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