Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

Newton's Second Law

Figure from experiment 7 from Exploring Motion and Force with Go Direct® Sensor Cart

Introduction

Newton’s second law of motion describes the relationship among force, mass, and acceleration. In this activity, you will study the relationship between acceleration and mass, while keeping force constant. A cart carrying different masses will be pulled across a table by a hanging weight—the constant force. Acceleration will be measured using a Sensor Cart. You will plot a graph of acceleration versus total mass of the system, and then use the graph as you make conclusions about the relationship between mass and acceleration.

Objectives

  • Use a Sensor Cart and Graphical Analysis to determine acceleration.
  • Record data.
  • Graph data.
  • Make conclusions about the relationship between mass and acceleration.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Option 1

Option 2

Additional Requirements

Graphical Analysis 4

Exploring Motion and Force with Go Direct® Sensor Cart

See other experiments from the lab book.

1Investigating Friction
2Levers as Machines
3Pulleys as Machines
4Ramps as Machines
5Getting Faster
6Crash Test
7Newton's Second Law

Experiment 7 from Exploring Motion and Force with Go Direct® Sensor Cart Lab Book

Exploring Motion and Force with Go Direct<sup>®</sup> Sensor Cart book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

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