Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

Solar Panel Output: Effect of Temperature

Figure from experiment 8 from Solar Energy Explorations


The voltage generated by a solar panel is influenced by the amount of electrical resistance in the panel. The electrical resistance is affected by temperature. Therefore, the temperature of a solar panel can have a significant effect on its power output.

In this experiment, you will compare the power output of a solar panel when it is at room temperature, after it has been cooled in an ice bath, and after it has been heated. This will help you to understand the effect of temperature on solar panel performance.


  • Use Go Direct Energy to measure power output while varying the temperature of a solar panel.
  • Determine the voltage for a solar panel at different temperatures.
  • Understand how temperature affects power output for a solar panel.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Additional Requirements

Graphical Analysis 4

Next Generation Science Standards

Science and Engineering Practices

  • Analyzing and interpreting data
  • Using mathematics and computational thinking

Disciplinary Core Ideas

  • PS3.B: Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer

Crosscutting Concepts

  • Cause and effect
  • Scale, proportion, and quantity
  • Systems and system models
  • Energy and matter

Solar Energy Explorations

See other experiments from the lab book.

1Renewable Energy
2Introduction to Solar Panels and Solar Energy
3Measuring Energy
4Making Connections: Circuits
5Solar Panel Output: Effect of Load
6Solar Panel Output: Effect of Shade
7Solar Panel Output: Effect of Angle
8Solar Panel Output: Effect of Temperature
9Project: Build a Solar Car

Experiment 8 from Solar Energy Explorations Lab Book

<i>Solar Energy Explorations</i> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

Buy the Book

Go to top