Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

What Causes the Seasons?


Because the axis of the Earth is tilted, the Earth receives different amounts of solar radiation at different times of the year. The amount of solar radiation received by the Earth or another planet is called insolation. The tilt of the axis produces the seasons. In this experiment, a simulated sun—a light bulb—will shine on a Temperature Probe attached to a globe. You will study how the tilt of the globe influences warming caused by the lighted bulb.


In this experiment, you will

  • Monitor simulated warming of your city by the sun in the winter.
  • Monitor simulated warming of your city by the sun in the summer.
  • Interpret your results.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Option 1

Option 2

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Standards Correlations

See all standards correlations for Middle School Science with Vernier »

Experiment 10 from Middle School Science with Vernier Lab Book

<em>Middle School Science with Vernier</em> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

Buy the Book

Go to top