Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

First-Class Levers

Figure from experiment 30 from Middle School Science with Vernier

Introduction

A lever is a simple machine used to make work easier. It consists of a long, rigid bar with a support that allows the bar to pivot. The point where the bar pivots is the fulcrum. There are three classes of levers—first, second, and third. In this experiment, you will examine first-class levers. Crowbars and scissors are examples of first-class levers. A lever can help you move an object by increasing the force you exert. Mechanical advantage (MA) is a value that tells the number of times a machine increases an applied force. You will use a Force Sensor to measure resistance force and effort force (in newtons). You will then use this information to calculate the mechanical advantage of each lever.

Objectives

In this experiment, you will

  • Measure force.
  • Calculate actual mechanical advantage (AMA).
  • Calculate ideal mechanical advantage (IMA).
  • Calculate percent difference.
  • Make conclusions about levers.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Option 1

Option 2

Option 3

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Standards Correlations

See all standards correlations for Middle School Science with Vernier »

Middle School Science with Vernier

See other experiments from the lab book.

1A Hot Hand
2Heating of Land and Water
3The Greenhouse Effect
4Relative Humidity
5Soil Study
6Absorption of Radiant Energy
7Reflectivity of Light
8Schoolyard Study
9A Good Sock
10What Causes the Seasons?
11Solar Homes
12Ocean Floor Mapping
13Boiling Temperature of Water
14Freezing and Melting of Water
15How Low Can You Go?
15BZiplock Ice Cream
16A Good Cold Pack
17Lemon "Juice"
18Get a Grip!
19Fun with Pressure
20Water Hardness Study
21Diffusion: How Fast?
22A Water Field Study
23Cooling Rates: Shaq vs. Susie
24Yeast Beasts in Action
25Heart Rate and Body Position
26Heart Rate and Exercise
27Mapping a Magnetic Field
28Electromagnets
29Frictional Forces
30First-Class Levers
31Pulleys
32Buoyancy
33Graphing Your Motion
34Speeding Up
35The Indy 100
35BPencil Car
36Crash Dummies
37Falling Objects
38A Speedy Slide

Experiment 30 from Middle School Science with Vernier Lab Book

<em>Middle School Science with Vernier</em> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

Buy the Book

Go to top