Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

Factors Affecting Electrical Resistance


Metals are generally excellent conductors of heat and electricity. Because of this, we tend to neglect any resistance in wires when we examine the behavior of ordinary loads (bulbs, resistors, motors, etc.) in electrical circuits. But metals are not perfect conductors, otherwise the wires in our toasters would not get hot. In this experiment, you will examine the factors that affect the electrical resistance of metals.


In this experiment, you will

  • Collect potential difference and current data for a number of metal rods.
  • Determine the electrical resistance for each of the readings.
  • Determine how length, cross-sectional area, and type of material affect the resistance of a metal rod.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Experiment 9 from Advanced Physics with Vernier — Beyond Mechanics Lab Book

<i>Advanced Physics with Vernier — Beyond Mechanics</i> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

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