Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

Motion on an Incline

Figure from experiment 1 from Advanced Physics with Vernier — Mechanics

Introduction

When you examined an object moving with constant velocity in introductory Activity 2, you learned two important points about the line of best fit to the graph of position vs. time:

  1. The slope (rate of change) of the graph was constant, and gave the velocity of the object.
  2. The intercept gave the initial position of the object.

In this experiment, you will examine a different kind of motion and contrast features of the position-time and velocity-time graphs with those you have studied earlier.

Objectives

In this experiment, you will

  • Collect position, velocity, and time data as a cart rolls up and down an inclined track.
  • Analyze the position vs. time and velocity vs. time graphs.
  • Determine the best fit equations for the position vs. time and velocity vs. time graphs.
  • Distinguish between average and instantaneous velocity.
  • Use analysis of motion data to define instantaneous velocity and acceleration.
  • Relate the parameters in the best-fit equations for position vs. time and velocity vs. time graphs to their physical counterparts in the system.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Advanced Physics with Vernier — Mechanics

See other experiments from the lab book.

1Motion on an Incline
2Error Analysis
3Newton's First Law
4Newton's Second Law
5Newton's Third Law
6Projectile Motion
7Energy Storage and Transfer: Elastic Energy
8Energy Storage and Transfer: Kinetic Energy
9Energy Storage and Transfer: Gravitational Energy
10AImpulse and Momentum (Motion Detector)
10BImpulse and Momentum (Photogate)
11AMomentum and Collisions (Motion Detectors)
11BMomentum and Collisions (Photogates)
12ACentripetal Acceleration
12BCentripetal Acceleration
13Rotational Dynamics
14Conservation of Angular Momentum
15Simple Harmonic Motion: Mathematical Model
16Simple Harmonic Motion: Kinematics and Dynamics
17Pendulum Periods
18Physical Pendulum
19Center of Mass

Experiment 1 from Advanced Physics with Vernier — Mechanics Lab Book

<i>Advanced Physics with Vernier — Mechanics</i> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

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