Vernier Software & Technology

# Momentum and Collisions (Motion Detectors)

## Introduction

You may have learned that a moving object possesses kinetic energy. Momentum is another property of an object, related to its mass and velocity, that is useful to describe its behavior. Momentum, p, is the product of the mass and velocity of an object, p = mv.

You may have learned an external force produces a change in the momentum of an object. If we consider as our system two carts that undergo a collision, then any forces they exert on one another are internal to the system. In this experiment you will examine the momentum of both carts before and after collisions to see what effect, if any, these forces have on the momentum of a system.

## Objectives

In this experiment, you will

• Collect velocity-time data for two carts experiencing different types of collisions.
• Compare the system momentum before and after collisions.
• Compare the kinetic energy of the system before and after collisions.

## Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

## Advanced Physics with Vernier — Mechanics

See other experiments from the lab book.

 1 Motion on an Incline 2 Error Analysis 3 Newton's First Law 4 Newton's Second Law 5 Newton's Third Law 6 Projectile Motion 7 Energy Storage and Transfer: Elastic Energy 8 Energy Storage and Transfer: Kinetic Energy 9 Energy Storage and Transfer: Gravitational Energy 10A Impulse and Momentum (Motion Detector) 10B Impulse and Momentum (Photogate) 11A Momentum and Collisions (Motion Detectors) 11B Momentum and Collisions (Photogates) 12A Centripetal Acceleration 12B Centripetal Acceleration 13 Rotational Dynamics 14 Conservation of Angular Momentum 15 Simple Harmonic Motion: Mathematical Model 16 Simple Harmonic Motion: Kinematics and Dynamics 17 Pendulum Periods 18 Physical Pendulum 19 Center of Mass

### Experiment 11A from Advanced Physics with Vernier — Mechanics Lab Book

#### Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.