When you studied Newtonian dynamics you learned that when an object underwent some form of translational motion (whether in a straight line, parabolic, or circular path), the net force applied to the object is proportional to the acceleration. The constant of proportionality is the mass of the accelerating object. When a torque (the rotational analogue to force), is applied to an object that is free to rotate, the object will undergo rotational acceleration. In this experiment, you will investigate the relationship between torque and angular acceleration.
In this experiment, you will
Collect angular acceleration data for objects subjected to a torque.
Determine an expression for the torque applied to a rotating system.
Determine the relationship between torque and angular acceleration.
Relate the slope of a linearized graph to system parameters.
Make and test predictions of the effect of changes in system parameters on the constant of proportionality.
Sensors and Equipment
This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.