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Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

Simple Harmonic Motion: Kinematics and Dynamics

Figure from experiment 16 from Advanced Physics with Vernier - Mechanics

Introduction

When you suspend an object from a spring, the spring will stretch. If you pull on the object, stretching the spring some more, and release it, the spring will provide a restoring force that will cause the object to oscillate in what is known as simple harmonic motion (SHM). In this experiment, you will examine this kind of motion from both kinematic and dynamic perspectives.

Objectives

In this experiment, you will

  • Collect position vs. time data as a weight, hanging from a spring, is set in simple harmonic motion (SHM).
  • Determine the best-fit equation for the position vs. time graph of an object undergoing SHM.
  • Define the terms amplitude, offset, phase shift, period and angular frequency in the context of SHM.
  • Predict characteristics of the corresponding velocity vs. time and acceleration vs. time graphs, produce these graphs and determine best-fit equations for them.
  • Relate the net force and acceleration for a system undergoing SHM.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Standards Correlations

No standards correlations for this experiment.

Experiment 16 from Advanced Physics with Vernier - Mechanics Lab Book

<i>Advanced Physics with Vernier - Mechanics</i> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

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We will be closed on August 21 to allow our employees to enjoy the Great American Eclipse.