Vernier Software and Technology
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Projectile Motion

Figure from experiment 6 from Advanced Physics with Vernier — Mechanics

Introduction

Up to this point it is likely that you have examined the motion of an object in one dimension only – either on a horizontal or inclined surface, or falling vertically under the influence of the force of earth’s gravity.

In this experiment, you will examine the behavior of a projectile – an object moving in space due to the exertion of some launching force. Such an object can undergo motion in two dimensions simultaneously. Using the video analysis features of Logger Pro, you will compare features of the position-time and velocity-time graphs with those you have studied earlier.

Objectives

In this experiment, you will

  • Use video analysis techniques to obtain position, velocity, and time data for a projectile.
  • Analyze the position vs. time and velocity vs. time graphs for both the horizontal and vertical components of the projectile’s motion.
  • Determine the best fit equations for the position vs. time and velocity vs. time graphs for both the horizontal and vertical components of the projectile’s motion. 
  • Relate the parameters in the best-fit equations for position vs. time and velocity vs. time graphs to their physical counterparts in the system.
  • Relate the horizontal and vertical components of the projectile’s motion to any forces acting on the object while it is moving.
  • Produce a movie of an object undergoing projectile motion.

Sensors and Equipment

No probeware required for this experiment.

Advanced Physics with Vernier — Mechanics

See other experiments from the lab book.

1Motion on an Incline
2Error Analysis
3Newton's First Law
4Newton's Second Law
5Newton's Third Law
6Projectile Motion
7Energy Storage and Transfer: Elastic Energy
8Energy Storage and Transfer: Kinetic Energy
9Energy Storage and Transfer: Gravitational Energy
10AImpulse and Momentum (Motion Detector)
10BImpulse and Momentum (Photogate)
11AMomentum and Collisions (Motion Detectors)
11BMomentum and Collisions (Photogates)
12ACentripetal Acceleration
12BCentripetal Acceleration
13Rotational Dynamics
14Conservation of Angular Momentum
15Simple Harmonic Motion: Mathematical Model
16Simple Harmonic Motion: Kinematics and Dynamics
17Pendulum Periods
18Physical Pendulum
19Center of Mass

Experiment 6 from Advanced Physics with Vernier — Mechanics Lab Book

<i>Advanced Physics with Vernier — Mechanics</i> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

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