Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

Energy Content of Foods

Figure from experiment 10 from Physical Science with Vernier

Introduction

Energy content is an important property of food. The energy your body needs for running, talking, and thinking comes from the food you eat. Energy content is the amount of heat produced by the burning of 1 gram of a substance, and is measured in joules per gram (J/g).

You can determine energy content by burning a portion of food and capturing the heat released to a known mass of water in a calorimeter. If you measure the initial and final temperatures, the energy released can be calculated using the equation

H = \vartriangle t \cdot m \cdot C_p

where H = heat energy absorbed (in J), Δt = change in temperature (in °C), m = mass (in g), and Cp = specific heat capacity (4.18 J/g°C for water). Dividing the resulting energy value by grams of food burned gives the energy content (in J/g).

Objectives

In this experiment, you will

  • Measure temperature.
  • Analyze data.
  • Use a balance.
  • Determine energy content.
  • Compare the energy content of different foods.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Option 1

Option 2

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Standards Correlations

See all standards correlations for Physical Science with Vernier »

Physical Science with Vernier

See other experiments from the lab book.

1Temperature Probe Response Time
2Boiling Temperature of Water
3Freezing and Melting of Water
4Evaporation of Alcohols
5Endothermic and Exothermic Reactions
6Neutralization Reactions
7Mixing Warm and Cold Water
8Heat of Fusion
9Energy Content of Fuels
10Energy Content of Foods
11Absorption of Radiant Energy
12An Insulated Cola Bottle
13A Good Sock
14Insolation Angle
15Solar Homes and Heat Sinks
16Conducting Solutions
17Conductivity of Saltwater: The Effect of Concentration
18Acid Strengths
19Frictional Forces
20First-Class Levers
21Pulleys
22An Inclined Plane
23Reflectivity of Light
24Polarizing Light
25How Bright is the Light?
26Electromagnets: Winding Things Up
27Magnetic Field Explorations
28Household Acids and Bases
29Acid Rain
30Gas Pressure and Volume
31Gas Temperature and Pressure
32Fun with Pressure
33Lemon "Juice"
34Simple Circuits
35Graphing Your Motion
36Speeding Up
37It's Race Day
38Crash Lesson
39Newton's Second Law
40Falling Objects

Experiment 10 from Physical Science with Vernier Lab Book

<i>Physical Science with Vernier</i> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

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