 Vernier Software & Technology

# Velocity and Acceleration

## Introduction

The definitions of velocity and acceleration for an object moving along a horizontal line are deceptively simple. Velocity is the time rate of change of the position and acceleration is the time rate of change of velocity. But it takes some skill to reconstruct an actual 1D motion from graphs of an object's velocity or acceleration components as a function of time. In this activity you'll practice relating various types of graphs to a specific motion.

## Objectives

In this activity, you will

• Study the motion of a robotic toy car.
• Use Logger Pro video analysis tools to determine characteristics of the car's position and velocity.

## Software for Experiment

This experiment uses Logger Pro software for video analysis. The video for analysis is included with the lab book.

## Physics with Video Analysis

See other experiments from the lab book.

 1 Rolling Ball 2 Big and Small: How to Scale an Image 3 Velocity Change 4 Velocity and Speed 5 Velocity and Acceleration 6 Three Movies: Determining Constant Acceleration 7 Demon Drop: A Mathematical Modeling Activity 8 Jumping on the Moon 9 2D Vectors: Pool Ball Displacement, Velocity, and Speed 10 Galileo's Projectile I: Using 17th Century Techniques 11 Galileo's Projectile II: Using Contemporary Techniques 12 Projectile Motion Vectors 13 Frictional Slowing 14 Impulsive Juggling 15 Center of Mass Motions 16 Finding a Spring Constant 17 Net Work - Kinetic Energy Theorem 18 Oscillations 19 Slinky Wave Speeds 20 Superposition of Slinky Waves 21 A Wave Pulse Equation 22 Doppler Effect: Surface Water Waves 23 Doppler Effect: Sound Waves 24 A Heat Engine: Relating Work to the P-V Cycle 25 Coulomb's Law for Two Charged Spheres 26 Discharge Rate 27 Electric Field Due to a Line of Charge 28 Resistance and Ohm's Law 29 Parallel Plate Capacitor: Potential Difference vs. Spacing 30 Wiring Capacitors in Series and Parallel 31 Using RC Decay to Determine Capacitance 32 Exploring Faraday's Law 33 Snell's Law of Refraction

### Experiment 5 from Physics with Video Analysis Lab Book #### Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.