Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

What is Energy?

Figure from experiment 2 from Renewable Energy with Vernier


Energy is involved in everything that happens, from the tiniest insect moving one antenna to a massive eruption of a volcano that spreads ash around the globe. Energy is constantly being transferred and transformed. If you use a microwave oven to heat your food, electromagnetic energy is transferred into the food and transformed into thermal energy. When you eat the food, your body turns the chemical energy in the food into a different form of chemical energy. If you kick a ball, you transfer some of the energy from your body into the ball.

There are two broad categories of energy: potential and kinetic. Potential energy is energy that is stored. Forms of potential energy include chemical, gravitational, elastic, and nuclear. Kinetic energy is the energy of motion. Electrical, radiant, thermal, and sound energy are all examples of kinetic energy.


  • Identify the units that are used to measure energy.
  • Determine the energy content of fuels by mass.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Option 1

Option 2

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Renewable Energy with Vernier

See other experiments from the lab book.

1Renewable Energy: Why is it So Important?
2What is Energy?
3Project: Energy Audit
4Voltage and Circuits
5Current and Resistors
6Mechanical Power
8Exploring Wind Turbines
9Effect of Load on Wind Turbine Output
10Blade Variables and Power Output
12Turbine Efficiency
13Power Curves
14Power and Energy
15Project: Maximum Energy Output
16Project: Build a Wind Farm
17Exploring Solar Panels
18AEffect of Load on Solar Panel Output
18BFill Factor and IV Curve of a Solar Panel
19Variables Affecting Solar Panel Output
20Effect of Temperature on Solar Panel Output
21Project: Build a Solar Charger
22Exploring Passive Solar Heating
23Variables Affecting Passive Solar Heating
24Exploring Solar Collectors
25Variables Affecting Solar Collectors
26Project: Solar Cooker

Experiment 2 from Renewable Energy with Vernier Lab Book

<i>Renewable Energy with Vernier</i> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

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