Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

Effect of Temperature on Solar Panel Output

Figure from experiment 20 from Renewable Energy with Vernier


The voltage generated by a photovoltaic (PV) cell is influenced by the amount of electrical resistance in the conductors running through the cell. The resistance of the conductors changes considerably as temperature changes. As a result, the temperature of PV cell a can have a significant impact on its power output.

In this experiment, you will compare the power output of a cold solar panel, one at room temperature, and one that has been heated. This will allow you to understand the effect of temperature on solar panel performance.


  • Use a Vernier Energy Sensor to measure power output while varying the temperature of a solar panel.
  • Determine the open circuit voltage (VOC) and short circuit current (ISC) for a solar panel at different temperatures.
  • Understand how temperature affects power output for a solar panel.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Renewable Energy with Vernier

See other experiments from the lab book.

1Renewable Energy: Why is it So Important?
2What is Energy?
3Project: Energy Audit
4Voltage and Circuits
5Current and Resistors
6Mechanical Power
8Exploring Wind Turbines
9Effect of Load on Wind Turbine Output
10Blade Variables and Power Output
12Turbine Efficiency
13Power Curves
14Power and Energy
15Project: Maximum Energy Output
16Project: Build a Wind Farm
17Exploring Solar Panels
18Effect of Load on Solar Panel Output
19Variables Affecting Solar Panel Output
20Effect of Temperature on Solar Panel Output
21Project: Build a Solar Charger
22Exploring Passive Solar Heating
23Variables Affecting Passive Solar Heating
24Exploring Solar Collectors
25Variables Affecting Solar Collectors
26Project: Solar Cooker

Experiment 20 from Renewable Energy with Vernier Lab Book

<i>Renewable Energy with Vernier</i> book cover

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Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

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