Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

Making Cents of Math: Linear Relationship between Weight and Quantity

Figure from experiment 2 from Real-World Math Made Easy


The slope of a line describes its steepness. The numerical value of the slope can represent a number of other important mathematical concepts. Given any two points on a line, (x1, y1) and (x2, y2), the slope of that line can be computed using the formula:

m = \frac{{{y_2} - {y_1}}}  {{{x_2} - {x_1}}}

where m represents the slope of the line, x1 and x2 represent the independent variable coordinates, and y1 and y2 represent the dependent variable coordinates.

In this activity you will use a Force Sensor to collect a linear set of data points. Specifically, you will measure the weight of 8, 16, 24… pennies. You will then analyze this data and interpret the meaning of the slope as it relates to the independent and dependent variables. A model will help you predict future measurements and interpret past results.


  • Collect weight versus number data for a collection of identical pennies.
  • Model the weight versus number data using a linear equation.
  • Interpret the slope and intercept values from the linear model.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Standards Correlations

See all standards correlations for Real-World Math Made Easy »

Real-World Math Made Easy

See other experiments from the lab book.

1Walk the Line - Straight Line Distance Graphs
2Making Cents of Math: Linear Relationship between Weight and Quantity
3Pool Plunge - Linear Relationship between Water Depth and Pressure
4Funnel Volumes - Volume and Weight
5Keep It Bottled Up - Rates of Pressure Increase
6Graph It in Pieces: Piecewise Defined Functions
7Mix It Up - Mixing Liquids of Different Temperatures
8Spring Thing - Newton's Second Law
9Stretch It to the Limit - The Linear Force Relation for a Rubber Band
10What Goes Up - Position and Time for a Cart on a Ramp
11That's the Way the Ball Bounces - Height and Time for a Bouncing Ball
12Walk This Way - Definition of Rate
13Velocity Test - Interpreting Graphs
14From Here to There - Applications of the Distance Formula
15Under Pressure - The Inverse Relationship between Pressure and Volume
16Light at A Distance - Distance and Intensity
17Chill Out: How Hot Objects Cool
18Charging Up, Charging Down - Charging a Capacitor
19Bounce Back - The Pattern of Rebound Heights
20Sour Chemistry - The Exponential pH Change
21Stepping to the Greatest Integer: The Greatest Integer Function
22Swinging Ellipses - Plotting an Ellipse
23Crawling Around: Parametric Plots
24Lights Out! - Periodic Phenomena
25Tic, Toc: Pendulum Motion
26Stay Tuned: Sound Waveform Models
27Up And Down: Damped Harmonic Motion
28How Tall? Describing Data with Statistical Plots
29And Now, the Weather - Describing Data with Statistics
30Meet You at the Intersection: Solving a System of Linear Equations
31Titration Curves: An Application of the Logistic Function

Experiment 2 from Real-World Math Made Easy Lab Book

<i>Real-World Math Made Easy</i> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

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