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Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

Crawling Around: Parametric Plots

Figure from experiment 32 from Real-World Math with Vernier


Imagine you are observing a bug crawling around in a figure eight path on the floor. If we define a Cartesian x, y plane on the floor, and you wished to completely describe the bug’s movements graphically, you would need to create a graph in three dimensions. This graph would need one axis to describe the x movement of the bug, another axis for its y movement, and a third axis for the time elapsed during the motion.

It is difficult to portray a graph in three dimensions on two-dimensional paper. It is relatively simple, however, to create a two-dimensional graph.

In this activity, you will model the bug’s movement by breaking the motion down into its x and y components. You can then use parametric equations to separately describe each of these components as a function of time. Finally, you will use the parametric mode in your calculator to combine these graphs and create a model that describes the motion of the bug.


  • Record the x- and y-coordinates of a rod moving in a figure-eight pattern.
  • Use the recorded motion information to separately model the x- and y- motion as a function of time.
  • Plot the experimental data in a y versus x graph.
  • Plot the x- and y-models parametrically for comparison to the experimental data.

Sensors and Equipment

This activity features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Option 1

Option 2

Additional Requirements

You may also need an interface and software for data collection. What do I need for data collection?

Standards Correlations

See all standards correlations for Real-World Math with Vernier »

Activity 32 from Real-World Math with Vernier Lab Book

<i>Real-World Math with Vernier</i> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

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We will be closed on August 21 to allow our employees to enjoy the Great American Eclipse.