Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

String Tension Tester

Introduction

In many engineering projects, it is critically important to know the strength of a material in a design. A material’s strength is a measure of its ability to withstand an applied tension, compression, or shear force. Tension or tensile forces pull on a material. Compression or compressive forces push on a material. Shear forces are two pushing forces that are offset from one another (like the forces used by a pair of scissors to cut paper). The ultimate strength of the material is the point at which it fails under one of these conditions. Tension, compression, and shear strengths can be quite different depending upon the material; for example, most metals are much stronger in tension than they are in shear. Concrete is stronger in compression than it is in tension.

In this project, your challenge is to build a robotic device to test the tension strength of string, fishing line, and/or sewing thread. Many of these come rated by tensile strength, which is the weight (tensile force) they can support before breaking.

Objectives

In this project, you will design and build a robotic device for testing the strength of a piece of string. Sewing thread, light fishing line and yarn are good choices for string to test. One end of the string should be tied to the hook of the Vernier Dual-Range Force Sensor with the other end pulled by the robotic device. The device should be able to pull the string at a slow and steady rate until the string breaks. Simultaneously, your program should either graph the data in real time or store it in a text file for future graphing so that the maximum tensile strength can be determined using the NXT Data Logging analysis tools. The string samples should be easy to load and unload.

Sensors and Equipment

This project/activity features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Additional Requirements

You will also need NXT Sensor Adapter and a LEGO MINDSTORMS NXT robotics system.

Standards Correlations

See all standards correlations for STEM 2 with Vernier and LEGO® MINDSTORMS® NXT »

STEM 2 with Vernier and LEGO® MINDSTORMS® NXT

See other experiments from the lab book.

1Friction
2First-Class Levers
3Audio Assistant
4Buoyancy
5Pulleys
6String Tension Tester
7Gas Pressure
8Yeast in Action
9Grip Strength
10Cartesian Diver
11Batteries
12Lemon Battery
13Battery Tester
14Solar Cells
15Solar Tracker
16Mapping a Magnetic Field
17Electromagnets
18Migrating Robot
19Magnet Finder
20Mine Sweeper

Project/activity 6 from STEM 2 with Vernier and LEGO® MINDSTORMS® NXT Lab Book

<em>STEM 2 with Vernier and LEGO<sup>®</sup> MINDSTORMS<sup>®</sup> NXT</em> book cover

Included in the Lab Book

Vernier lab books include word-processing files of the student instructions, essential teacher information, suggested answers, sample data and graphs, and more.

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