The evaporation of a liquid absorbs energy and cools its surroundings. Such a process is said to be endothermic. You have probably experienced this phenomenon as you stepped from a swimming pool on a windy day. A major factor in determining the rate of evaporation and the resulting cooling is the strength of attraction between the molecules of a liquid. Substances with strong attractions between molecules evaporate slowly and cool slightly during evaporation. In this experiment, you will study temperature changes caused by the evaporation of different alcohols.
- Draw structural formulas for alcohols.
- Measure temperatures as three alcohols evaporate.
- Determine the change in temperature, Δt, for each of three alcohols.
- Predict the change in temperature, Δt, for a fourth alcohol.
- Determine the change in temperature, Δt, for the fourth alcohol.
- Graph the results.
- Use the results to make conclusions about intermolecular attractions.