Attention: Safety Recall of Vernier Go Direct Charge Station. Click to learn more.



Exploring the Properties of Gases

Experiment #30 from Advanced Chemistry with Vernier

Education Level
High School


The purpose of this investigation is to conduct a series of experiments, each of which illustrates a different gas law. You will be given a list of equipment and materials and some general guidelines to help you get started with each experiment. Four properties of gases will be investigated: pressure, volume, temperature, and number of molecules. By assembling the equipment, conducting the appropriate tests, and analyzing your data and observations, you will be able to describe the gas laws, both qualitatively and mathematically.


In this experiment, you will

  • Conduct a set of experiments, each of which illustrates a gas law.
  • Gather data to identify the gas law described by each activity.
  • Complete the calculations necessary to evaluate the gas law in each activity.
  • From your results, derive a single mathematical relationship that relates pressure, volume, temperature, and number of molecules.

Sensors and Equipment

This experiment features the following sensors and equipment. Additional equipment may be required.


Teaching to an educational standard? This experiment supports the standards below.

International Baccalaureate (IB) 2025/Chemistry
Structure 1.5.4—The relationship between the pressure, volume, temperature and amount of an ideal gas is shown in the ideal gas equation PV = nRT and the combined gas law P1V1/T1=P2V2/T2

Ready to Experiment?

Ask an Expert

Get answers to your questions about how to teach this experiment with our support team.

Purchase the Lab Book

This experiment is #30 of Advanced Chemistry with Vernier. The experiment in the book includes student instructions as well as instructor information for set up, helpful hints, and sample graphs and data.

Learn More