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# 4.4 Wave behavior

## Experiments

Here are experiments our science specialists have selected to support the IB* topic.

### Polarization of Light

Experiment #28A from Physics with Vernier

• Observe the change in light intensity of light passing through crossed polarizing filters.
• Measure the transmission of light through two polarizing filters as a function of the angle between their axes and compare it to Malus’s law.

### Interference

Experiment #19 from Advanced Physics with Vernier â€” Beyond Mechanics

In this experiment, you will

• Compare and contrast features of the patterns produced on a screen when light from a laser passes through either one or two slits.
• Discern which features of the pattern arise from the interaction of the light with the single slit and which arise from the double slits.
• Use the principle of superposition to explain how waves from two sources could interfere constructively or destructively.
• Use a diagrammatic explanation of how path length differences for light passing through the two slits give rise to bright and dark fringes in the pattern.
• From experimental parameters, predict the spacing between bright (or dark) fringes in the pattern.
• Collect intensity vs. position data to test your predictions.

### Diffraction

Experiment #20 from Advanced Physics with Vernier â€” Beyond Mechanics

In this experiment, you will

• Compare and contrast features of the patterns produced on a screen when light from a laser passes through either one or two slits.
• Discern which features of the pattern arise from the interaction of the light with the single slit and which arise from the double slits.
• Use the principle of superposition to explain how waves from two sources could interfere constructively or destructively.
• Use Huygen’s Principle to construct a diagrammatic explanation of how path length differences for waves originating at different points in the slit give rise to the dark fringes in a diffraction pattern.
• From experimental parameters, predict the locations of dark fringes in the pattern.
• Collect intensity vs. position data to test your predictions.

Educational Standard
International Baccalaureate (IB)
Subject
Physics
Section
Core
Topic
4. Waves

* The IB Diploma Program is an official program of the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO) which authorizes schools to offer it. The material available here has been developed independently of the IBO and is not endorsed by it.