Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

Go Direct® Drop Counter User Manual

Go Direct® Drop Counter

Go Direct Drop Counter is used to perform accurate, automatic titrations. This digital sensor can be used in conjunction with a pH Sensor, ORP Sensor, Conductivity Probe, or other sensor to accurately record the volume of titrant added during a titration.

Go Direct Drop Counter has many features that makes it easy to use:

  • Adjustable clamp, fits most laboratory ring stands and lattices
  • Wide drop-detecting area
  • Large sensor slot, fits most conventional stick-style sensors
  • Smaller, adjustable slot for temperature sensors
  • Red LED, near the detecting area, flashes to indicate a drop has been recorded

Note: Vernier products are designed for educational use. Our products are not designed nor are they recommended for any industrial, medical, or commercial process such as life support, patient diagnosis, control of a manufacturing process, or industrial testing of any kind.

What's Included

  • Go Direct Drop Counter
  • Plastic reagent reservoir
  • Plastic valve with a double stopcock fitting
  • Vernier microstirrer (a magnetic stirrer that fits on the tip of your sensor)
  • Micro USB Cable

Compatible Software

The Go Direct® Drop Counter may require a compatible interface and software. Choose a platform below to see compatible interface and software options.

  • LabQuest 2
    LabQuest 2

    Full Support

    The Go Direct® Drop Counter is fully supported with LabQuest 2 (version 2.8.4), a standalone data logger with built-in graphing and analysis software.

    Learn more about LabQuest 2 »

    Compatibility Notes

    1. Wireless connection of this sensor to a LabQuest 2 requires a Go Wireless Bluetooth Adapter when used with some older LabQuest 2 models.
  • Computers
    Computers

    Software
    InterfaceGraphical Analysis 4 for ComputersVersion 4.7.1
    No interface requiredFull support 1 2
    LabQuest 2Full support 3 4

    Compatibility Notes

    1. For Bluetooth® connectivity, only computers running Windows 10 or Mac OS X 10.10 or newer are supported. The computer must also have a compatible Bluetooth 4.0+ radio.
    2. Use with an electrode such as a pH Sensor, Conductivity Probe, or ORP Sensor.
    3. Connect this sensor directly to a computer or Chromebook via a USB or wireless Bluetooth® connection for best results. Alternatively, this sensor is fully supported when used with LabQuest 2 when LabQuest 2 is connected to a computer or Chromebook via Wireless Data Sharing.
    4. Wireless connection of this sensor to a LabQuest 2 requires a Go Wireless Bluetooth Adapter when used with some older LabQuest 2 models.
  • Chromebook
    Chromebook

    Software
    InterfaceGraphical Analysis 4 for ChromeVersion 4.7.1
    No interface requiredFull support 1
    LabQuest 2Full support 2 3

    Compatibility Notes

    1. Use with an electrode such as a pH Sensor, Conductivity Probe, or ORP Sensor.
    2. Connect this sensor directly to a computer or Chromebook via a USB or wireless Bluetooth® connection for best results. Alternatively, this sensor is fully supported when used with LabQuest 2 when LabQuest 2 is connected to a computer or Chromebook via Wireless Data Sharing.
    3. Wireless connection of this sensor to a LabQuest 2 requires a Go Wireless Bluetooth Adapter when used with some older LabQuest 2 models.
  • iOS
    iOS

    Software
    InterfaceGraphical Analysis 4 for iOSVersion 4.7.1Graphical Analysis GW for iOSVersion 4.0.5
    No interface requiredFull support 1Full support 1
    LabQuest 2Full support 2 3 4Full support 2 3 4

    Compatibility Notes

    1. Use with an electrode such as a pH Sensor, Conductivity Probe, or ORP Sensor.
    2. Connect this sensor directly to a supported mobile device via a wireless Bluetooth® connection for best results.
    3. iOS and Android devices can only connect to LabQuest 2 via Wireless Data Sharing.
    4. Wireless connection of this sensor to a LabQuest 2 requires a Go Wireless Bluetooth Adapter when used with some older LabQuest 2 models.
  • Android
    Android

    Software
    InterfaceGraphical Analysis 4 for AndroidVersion 4.7.1Graphical Analysis GW for AndroidVersion 3.2
    No interface requiredFull support 1Incompatible 1
    LabQuest 2Full support 2 3 4Full support 3 4

    Compatibility Notes

    1. Use with an electrode such as a pH Sensor, Conductivity Probe, or ORP Sensor.
    2. Connect this sensor directly to a supported mobile device via a wireless Bluetooth® connection for best results.
    3. iOS and Android devices can only connect to LabQuest 2 via Wireless Data Sharing.
    4. Wireless connection of this sensor to a LabQuest 2 requires a Go Wireless Bluetooth Adapter when used with some older LabQuest 2 models.

Getting Started

Please see the following link for platform-specific connection information:

www.vernier.com/start/gdx-dc

Bluetooth Connection

USB Connection

  1. Install Graphical Analysis 4 on your computer, Chromebook™, or mobile device. See www.vernier.com/ga4 for software availability.
  2. Charge your sensor for at least 2 hours before first use.
  3. Turn on your sensor by pressing the power button once. The Bluetooth® LED will blink red.
  4. Launch Graphical Analysis 4.
  5. Click or tap Sensor Data Collection.
  6. Click or tap your Go Direct sensor from the list of Discovered Wireless Devices. Your sensor's ID is located near the barcode on the sensor. The Bluetooth LED will blink green when it is successfully connected.
  7. Click or tap Done to enter data-collection mode.
  1. Install Graphical Analysis 4 on your computer or Chromebook. If using LabQuest 2, make sure LabQuest App is up to date. See www.vernier.com/ga4 for software availability or www.vernier.com/downloads to update LabQuest App.
  2. Connect the sensor to the USB port.
  3. Launch Graphical Analysis 4 or turn on LabQuest 2. You are now ready to collect data.

Charging the Sensor

Connect Go Direct Drop Counter to the included USB Charging Cable and any USB device for two hours. Connecting Go Direct Drop Counter to the electrode amplifier during charging is optional.

Charging

Orange LED next to the battery icon is solid while the sensor is charging.

Fully charged

Green LED next to the battery icon is solid when the sensor is fully charged.

Powering the Sensor

Turning on the sensor

Press button once. Red LED indicator flashes when unit is on.

Putting the sensor in sleep mode

Press and hold button for more than three seconds to put into sleep mode. Red LED indicator stops flashing when sleeping.

Connecting the Sensor

See the following link for up-to-date connection information:

www.vernier.com/start/gdx-dc

Connecting via Bluetooth

Ready to connect Red LED next to the Bluetooth icon flashes when sensor is awake and ready to connect.
Connected Green LED next to the Bluetooth icon flashes when sensor is connected via Bluetooth.

Connecting via USB

Connected and charging Orange LED next to the battery icon is solid when the sensor is connected to Graphical Analysis via USB and the unit is charging. LED next to Bluetooth icon is off.
Connected, fully charged Green LED next to the battery icon is solid when the sensor is connected to Graphical Analysis via USB and fully charged. LED next to Bluetooth icon is off.
Charging via USB,
connected via Bluetooth
Orange LED next to the battery icon is solid when the sensor is charging. Green LED next to the Bluetooth icon flashes.

Using the Product

  1. Assemble the equipment. (Note: The Vernier Stir Station, pH Sensor, 100 mL beaker, and utility clamp are not included with the Vernier Drop Counter.)
    1. Place a 100 mL beaker on the center of the Stir Station.
    2. Remove the storage bottle from the sensor (if applicable). Insert the sensor body through the larger round hole on the Drop Counter.
    3. Slip the Microstirrer onto the bottom of the sensor. Slide the Drop Counter down the ring stand to a level such that the Microstirrer is very close to the bottom of the beaker. Tighten the turn screw of the Drop Counter to hold it firmly in place.
    4. Connect the spout and two 2-way valves to the plastic reagent reservoir. Note: There are two 2-way valves below the reagent reservoir. In this setup, use the bottom valve as an on-off valve (either completely open or completely shut). Use the top valve as an adjustment valve to adjust to a slow, consistent rate.
    5. Using the utility clamp, secure the reagent reservoir to the stir station rod. The spout should be aligned just above the three-sided rectangular opening.
  1. Make sure that both 2-way valves are in the closed position (horizontal). Add about 20 mL of titrant to the plastic reagent reservoir. For this example, we will use 0.1 M NaOH solution.
  2. Before collecting data or calibrating the drops, adjust the flow rate of the two valves of the reagent reservoir. Temporarily, place another beaker below the spout of the reagent reservoir. First, completely open the bottom 2-way valve; then slowly open the top valve until a very slow drop rate is achieved—a rate of one drop every two seconds, or slower. Close the bottom valve.
  3. Add the solution to be titrated to the 100 mL beaker. For this example, use about 5 mL of 0.1 M HCl solution. Add enough distilled water so the solution level covers the bulb of the pH Sensor (about 35 to 40 mL). If you are going to use a small magnetic stirring bar, less distilled water will be required (about 1 to 20 mL). Turn on the magnetic stirrer. Important: Minimizing volumes of solution titrated and maximizing stirring efficiency will significantly improve your titration results.
  4. Connect the sensor following the steps in the Getting Started section of this user manual. Note: The Drop Counter will only collect data if another sensor is connected.
  5. No data will be collected until the first drop falls through the rectangular opening of the Drop Counter. Carefully center the spout of the reagent reservoir to allow the drops to pass through the Drop Counter. Completely open the lower 2-way valve (the upper valve should still be set to a slow drop rate). You will now see pH vs. volume data being plotted on a graph. When you are satisfied that the titration has proceeded past the equivalence point, shut off the lower 2-way valve of the reagent reservoir and stop the data collection.

Videos

Calibrating the Sensor

There are three different ways to handle the reporting of volume:

  • Use the stored calibration.
  • Manually enter a drops/mL ratio value. If you have done a previous calibration with a particular apparatus, you can enter the drops/mL ratio.
  • Perform an Automatic drops/mL calibration. You can calibrate the reagent reservoir or a buret. To perform your own drops-per-mL calibration, follow these steps:
  1. Place a 10 mL graduated cylinder below the slot of the Drop Counter.
  2. Fill the reagent reservoir about 3/4 full with the titrant solution.
  3. Choose to calibrate the Drop Counter in your data-collection program.
  4. Open the bottom 2-way (on-off) valve to begin releasing drops through the Drop Counter.
  5. Release drops until there is 9–10 mL of liquid in the graduated cylinder.
  6. Close the bottom valve to stop the drops.
  7. Type the exact volume, to the nearest 0.1 mL, of liquid in the graduated cylinder in the Volume (mL) box of the Calibrate drops dialog box.
  8. Choose to stop the calibration routine of your program.
  9. The number of drops/mL will be displayed.
  10. You can now continue with the titration.

Care and Maintenance

Battery Information

Go Direct Drop Counter contains a small lithium-ion battery. The system is designed to consume very little power and not put heavy demands on the battery. Although the battery is warranted for one year, the expected batter life should be several years. Replacement batteries are available from Vernier (order code: GDX‑BAT‑300).

Storage and Maintenance

To store Go Direct Drop Counter for extended periods of time, put the device in sleep mode by holding the button down for at least three seconds. The red LED will stop flashing to show that the unit is in sleep mode. Over several months, the battery will discharge but will not be damaged. After such storage, charge the device for a few hours, and the unit will be ready to go.

Exposing the battery to temperatures over 35°C (95°F) will reduce its lifespan. If possible, store the device in an area that is not exposed to temperature extremes.

Water Resistance

Go Direct Drop Counter is not water resistant and should never be immersed in water.

If water gets into the device, immediately power the unit down (press and hold the power button for more than three seconds). Disconnect the sensor and charging cable, and remove the battery. Allow the device to dry thoroughly before attempting to use the device again. Do not attempt to dry using an external heat source.

How the Sensor Works

The sensor has an infrared LED emitter on one end of the area through which the drop falls (1.3 × 3.7 cm) and a detector on the other end. When the infrared beam (centered at 890 nm) between the source and detector is blocked by a drop of titrant, a digital signal is sent to the data-collection software. The drops are then converted to volume units (e.g., milliliters) in the data-collection program. A red LED indicator light flashes each time a drop of liquid passes through the Drop Counter.

Use Go Direct Drop Counter with other Vernier sensors such as our Ion‑Selective Electrodes, Conductivity Probe, or other Vernier pH Sensors. The Vernier Drop Counter can accommodate many third-party electrodes when used in conjunction with the Electrode Amplifier.

Troubleshooting

  • Set a slow drop rate. For the best, most accurate data, we recommend setting the rate at 2 seconds/drop or slower. A slow rate provides enough time for each drop of titrant to be thoroughly mixed in the solution and the pH sensor (or other sensor) to respond.
  • Minimize the volume of solution to be titrated. We recommend 5–10 mL of test solution. Larger volumes will take longer to mix and may require a very slow drop rate for best results.
  • Use the Vernier Microstirrer. It helps deliver solution directly to the pH bulb, minimizing the response time. Also, you can run a magnetic stirrer at a very high speed and the Microstirrer will not form a visible vortex, which prevents splashing.
  • Add only as much distilled water to the titrated solution as is necessary to cover the bulb of the pH Sensor (or other sensor).
  • Use the plastic reagent reservoir that is supplied with the Drop Counter. The reagent reservoir provides a wider diameter and less change in the hydrostatic pressure per unit volume of titrant above the 2-way valve.
  • Use the pair of 2-way valves; one for drop rate adjustment and the other as an on-off valve. This eliminates the need to do a fine adjust during the initial readings and also allows for a consistent rate to be set.
  • Manually release drops at a slower rate to allow for more thorough mixing when near the equivalence point.

For additional troubleshooting and FAQs, see www.vernier.com/til/3855

Repair Information

If you have watched the related product video(s), followed the troubleshooting steps, and are still having trouble with your Go Direct Drop Counter, contact Vernier Technical Support at support@vernier.com or call 888-837-6437. Support specialists will work with you to determine if the unit needs to be sent in for repair. At that time, a Return Merchandise Authorization (RMA) number will be issued and instructions will be communicated on how to return the unit for repair.

Accessories/Replacements

Warranty

Vernier warrants this product to be free from defects in materials and workmanship for a period of five years from the date of shipment to the customer. This warranty does not cover damage to the product caused by abuse or improper use. This warranty covers educational institutions only.

This warranty does not cover consumables, such as the reagent reservoir and valves.

Disposal

When disposing of this electronic product, do not treat it as household waste. Its disposal is subject to regulations that vary by country and region. This item should be given to an applicable collection point for the recycling of electrical and electronic equipment. By ensuring that this product is disposed of correctly, you help prevent potential negative consequences on human health or on the environment. The recycling of materials will help to conserve natural resources. For more detailed information about recycling this product, contact your local city office or your disposal service.

Battery recycling information is available at www.call2recycle.org

Do not puncture or expose the battery to excessive heat or flame.

The symbol, shown here, indicates that this product must not be disposed of in a standard waste container.

Contact Support

Fill out our online support form or call us toll-free at 1-888-837-6437.

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