The Diffraction Apparatus let students create, view, and measure diffraction and interference patterns. The included Red Diffraction Laser provides a clean monochromatic light source. Slits are made by depositing metal film on glass, creating extraordinarily clean slits with fully opaque blocking areas. These high-precision slits cast clean diffraction and interference patterns, ideal for quantitative matching of intensity vs. position predictions.
The Linear Position Sensor and High Sensitivity Light Sensor completes the Diffraction Apparatus. In order to provide excellent spatial resolution, a selectable entrance aperture restricts the width of the pattern viewed by the High Sensitivity Light Sensor. The light sensor has three ranges, allowing the study of fine details or gross features of patterns. To measure position, the light sensor is mounted on a novel Linear Position Sensor.
This position sensor uses a precision optical encoder to measure translation with better than 50 micron resolution. Since it is optically based, without gears or racks, it has zero backlash.
Data collection is performed by choosing a slit, directing the laser through the slit, and choosing an entrance aperture for the light sensor. Both the light sensor and position sensor connect to your interface. The light sensor is moved by hand over a 150 mm distance, tracing out the diffraction pattern.
The Diffraction Apparatus requires a Combination 1.2 m Track/Optics Bench individually or part of the Dynamics Cart and Track System. An optional Green Diffraction Laser is also available, so that the effect of wavelength on the pattern can be measured.
- Red Laser Wavelength: 635 nm +/- 5 nm (Class 2 laser product)
- Light Sensor Full Scale Ranges: 1, 10, and 100 µW
- Linear Position Sensor range: 150 mm
- Linear Position Sensor resolution: 40 µm
Single Slits (4)
- 0.02 mm
- 0.04 mm
- 0.08 mm
- 0.16 mm
- Wedge: 0.02 – 0.2 mm wide
- Double Slit: 0.04 mm wide, spacing 0.125 – 0.75 mm
Double Slits (4 pairs)
- 0.04 mm wide at 0.25 mm apart
- 0.04 mm wide at 0.5 mm apart
- 0.08 mm wide at 0.25 mm apart
- 0.08 mm wide at 0.5 mm apart
Variable Double Slit:
Same as variable slits group above
- 0.04 mm wide at 0.25 mm apart
- 4 sets, 2, 3, 4, 5 slits
Comparisons: 4 pairs of single/double slits: 0.04 mm single + 0.04/0.25 mm double, doubles 0.04/0.25 +0.04/0.50, doubles 0.04/0.25+0.08/0.25, double 0.04/0.25 + triple, 0.04/0.25
Experiments and Lab Ideas
Advanced Physics with Vernier - Beyond Mechanics (2)
Includes student instructions, teacher tips, safety information, and sample data.Go to Book Page
The Diffraction Apparatus may require a compatible interface and software. Choose a platform below to see compatible interface and software options.
The Diffraction Apparatus is fully supported with LabQuest 2 (version 2.7.2), a standalone data logger with built-in graphing and analysis software.
Learn more about LabQuest 2 »
You can also use the Diffraction Apparatus with these platforms:
Additional Hardware Required
The Diffraction Apparatus requires one Combination 1.2 m Track/Optics Bench to serve as an optics bench. The Combination 1.2 m Track/Optics Bench is included with Vernier Dynamics Carts and Track Systems, sold separately.
- Diffraction Slit System
- Red Diffraction Laser
- Combination Linear Position and High Sensitivity Light Sensor
- Power Supply