Vernier Software and Technology
Vernier Software & Technology

Spirometer User Manual

Spirometer

The Spirometer can be used to perform a variety of experiments related to air flow and lung volume. The sensor handle can be held manually, or it can be attached to a tripod or stand using the threaded insert in the bottom of the handle. The sensor is composed of a removable Flow Head for easy cleaning and sterilization and a differential pressure transducer. The Spirometer can be used to perform a variety of tests, including:

  • FEV (forced expiratory volume). FEV is the volume of air exhaled after a short period of constant effort. When this test is done over a one-second interval, it is known as FEV1.
  • FVC (forced vital capacity). FVC is the volume of air exhaled by a forced maximal exhalation after a full inhalation.
  • TV (tidal volume). TV is the volume of air inhaled and exhaled at rest.

Note: Vernier products are designed for educational use. Our products are not designed nor are they recommended for any industrial, medical, or commercial process such as life support, patient diagnosis, control of a manufacturing process, or industrial testing of any kind.

What's Included

Check to be sure that each of these items is included with your Spirometer:

  • Spirometer (includes sensor handle and Flow Head)
  • 5 disposable mouthpieces
  • 1 disposable bacterial filter
  • 2 nose clips

Compatible Software

The Spirometer may require a compatible interface and software. Choose a platform below to see compatible interface and software options.

Assembly

The Spirometer comes with a detachable Flow Head that can be removed for sterilization or replacement.

Detaching the Flow Head from the Handle

Push on the latches at the top of the handle until they splay outward.

Pull up on the Flow Head and remove it from the handle.

Attaching the Flow Head to the Handle

Push in the two latches at the top of the handle so that they splay outward.

Line up the two small holes on the base of the Flow Head with the two ports inside the top of the handle.

Press down firmly on the Flow Head until it securely attaches to the handle. Push the latches in to lock the Flow Head in place.

Getting Started

  1. Connect the sensor to the interface (LabQuest Mini, LabQuest 2, etc.).
  2. Start the appropriate data-collection software (Logger Pro, Logger Lite, LabQuest App) if not already running, and choose New from File menu.

See the following link for additional connection information:

www.vernier.com/start/spr-bta

Using the Spirometer

The Spirometer can be used for inspiratory and expiratory experiments. Use the following mouthpieces, filters, and Flow Heads for the type of experiment you are doing.

Inspiratory/Expiratory

Use a disposable cardboard mouthpiece and a disposable bacterial filter with the Spirometer for experiments in which the students inhale and exhale through the Spirometer. Attach the bacterial filter to the side of the Flow Head marked “Inlet” and attach the cardboard mouthpiece to the bacterial filter.

In an ideal situation, every student would have his or her own bacterial filter and disposable mouthpiece. According to the manufacturer’s specs, the MicroGard® filters out more than 99% of bacterial and viral aerosols.

Taking Measurements with the Spirometer

  • Ensure that the person being tested is breathing only through his/her mouth. The person can use a nose clip or hold his/her nose.
  • Connect a disposable bacterial filter and a disposable mouthpiece to the clear plastic Flow Head on the side labeled "Inlet".
  • Hold the Spirometer vertically and still during use.
  • For best results, zero the spirometer before use and start data collection during exhalation.

Suggested Experiments

Here are a few examples of experiments that can be conducted with the Spirometer.

Breathing Patterns

A student’s normal, resting breathing pattern is measured by a Spirometer. A graph of the data shows the student breathing in (inspiration) and breathing out (expiration). The graph shows typical results of the flow rate during a normal breath and a deep breath.

Tidal Volume

A student’s normal, resting breathing pattern is measured. A graph of the data shows the volume of air the student breaths in (inspiration) and breaths out (expiration). The overall process is referred to as ventilation. Tidal volume is the amount of air that a person breathes in with a normal breath.

Forced Vital Capacity (FVC)

In this activity, the student exhales forcefully and very quickly into the Spirometer, and then inhales. The graph of this event, shown here, allows the student to determine his/her forced vital capacity. The graph is a plot of lung volume (x-axis) vs. flow rate (y-axis). The data may also be examined to determine Forced Expiratory Volume after 1 second (FEV1).

Videos

Calibrating the Sensor

You should not have to perform a new calibration when using the Spirometer. We have set the sensor to match our stored calibration before shipping it. You can simply use the appropriate calibration value that is stored in the data-collection program.

For the most accurate measurements with this sensor, we recommend adjusting the calibration using a 2 L syringe. This is a simple process that takes only a few minutes.

For further calibration information, see www.vernier.com/til/3353

Specifications

Flow Rate

±10 L/s

Dead Space

93 mL

Nominal output

128 mV/[L/s]

Detachable flow head

  • Dimensions: 80.5 mm (diameter) × 101.5 mm (length)
  • Mass: 80 g
  • Construction: Clear acrylic plastic

Handle

  • Dimensions: 127 mm × 23 mm × 35 mm

  • Mass: 85 g
  • Construction: Black ABS plastic

Cable length

1.5 meters

Stored calibration

  • Slope: 7.8 (L/s)/V
  • Intercept: –17.55 L/s

Note: This sensor is equipped with circuitry that supports auto-ID. When used with LabQuest 2, LabQuest, LabQuest Mini, LabPro, Go! Link, SensorDAQ, TI-Nspire Lab Cradle, EasyLink, or CBL 2, the data-collection software identifies the sensor and uses pre-defined parameters to configure an experiment appropriate to the recognized sensor.

Care and Maintenance

Do not wrap the cable tightly around the sensor for storage. Repeatedly doing so can irreparably damage the wires and is not covered under warranty.

Cleaning the Flow Head

The manufacturer recommends three methods, in the following order, with which to sterilize the Flow Head.

  1. Wash the detachable Flow Head in a dishwasher. It is dishwasher safe. This method provides the longest life for the Flow Head and is the method most recommended by the manufacturer.
  2. Cold sterilize the Flow Head with a surface disinfectant such as Cidex® or Technical Tincture of Green Soap®. These are available from medical supply or janitorial supply companies.
  3. Autoclave the Flow Head. This method provides the shortest life span for the Flow Head.

We recommend that you sterilize the Flow Head using one of these methods after each school day, at the very least, and that you always use the Spirometer with a disposable mouthpiece

The nose clips should be wiped clean between uses and soaked in a mild detergent after each experiment.

How the Spirometer Works

In the center of the Flow Head is a mesh screen. As air is forced through the Flow Head a slight difference in pressure occurs between the front and the back of the screen. A tube in front of the screen and a tube behind the screen pass the pressures to a differential pressure transducer. The greater the airflow passing through the screen, the greater the pressure differential. Airflow rate (L/s). is measured directly. Volume (L) is calculated by integrating the flow rate (L/s) as a function of time (s).

Troubleshooting

For troubleshooting and FAQs, see www.vernier.com/til/1409

Repair Information

If you have watched the related product video(s), followed the troubleshooting steps, and are still having trouble with your Spirometer, contact Vernier Technical Support at support@vernier.com or call 888-837-6437. Support specialists will work with you to determine if the unit needs to be sent in for repair. At that time, a Return Merchandise Authorization (RMA) number will be issued and instructions will be communicated on how to return the unit for repair.

Accessories/Replacements

Warranty

Vernier warrants this product to be free from defects in materials and workmanship for a period of five years from the date of shipment to the customer. The replaceable Flow Head, manufactured by BIOPAC Systems, Inc., carries a 12 month warranty and is not subject to a separate warranty by Vernier. This warranty does not cover damage to the product caused by abuse or improper use. This warranty covers educational institutions only.

Disposal

When disposing of this electronic product, do not treat it as household waste. Its disposal is subject to regulations that vary by country and region. This item should be given to an applicable collection point for the recycling of electrical and electronic equipment. By ensuring that this product is disposed of correctly, you help prevent potential negative consequences on human health or on the environment. The recycling of materials will help to conserve natural resources. For more detailed information about recycling this product, contact your local city office or your disposal service.

Battery recycling information is available at www.call2recycle.org

Do not puncture or expose the battery to excessive heat or flame.

The symbol, shown here, indicates that this product must not be disposed of in a standard waste container.

Contact Support

Fill out our online support form or call us toll-free at 1-888-837-6437.

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